Veterans’ preference gives eligible veterans preference in appointment to certain Federal Government jobs over many other applicants. By law, qualified veterans with a service-connected disability or who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces during specified time periods or in military campaigns may be entitled to preference over non-veterans in competitive appointments for Federal civil service positions and in retention during reductions in force.

It is important to note that veterans’ preference is a preference in Federal hiring; it does not guarantee a veteran a Federal job. Not all active duty service members qualify for veterans’ preference upon separation from the armed services. To be eligible, you have to meet certain conditions.

Federal law also prohibits Federal Government employers from denying jobs to service members or veterans based on their past, present, or future uniformed service.

Questions? We’re here to help.

We are committed to helping you understand your rights as a worker. Many questions about your rights may be answered by using the following elaws (Employment Laws Assistance for Workers and Small Businesses) Advisors:

The Veterans’ Employment and Training Service (VETS) is authorized to investigate and resolve complaints of violations regarding veterans’ preference.

For additional assistance, please contact:

Learn about filing a complaint

We’ll help you decide what to do next and determine whether filing a complaint is the best course of action.

Please note that your veterans’ preference complaint must be filed within 60 days after the date you believe your rights were violated. An employer may not retaliate against any employee or job applicant who files a complaint under the law, or testifies or otherwise assists an individual in filing a complaint.

File with VETS